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Journal Article

Citation

Kudo D, Miyakoshi N, Hongo M, Kasukawa Y, Ishikawa Y, Ishikawa N, Shimada Y. Spinal Cord 2019; ePub(ePub): ePub.

Affiliation

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Akita Red Cross Hospital, Akita, Japan.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, International Spinal Cord Society, Publisher Nature Publishing Group)

DOI

10.1038/s41393-019-0255-7

PMID

30733575

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective epidemiological study.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiology of traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) in the fastest aging area in Japan. SETTING: Hospitals in Akita Prefecture, Japan. Akita Prefecture has the highest ratio of people aged 65 or older in Japan (30.4% in 2012 and 34.6% in 2016).

METHODS: Patients with acute TSCI who required hospital treatment between 2012 and 2016 were included. The incidence of TSCI, cause, level, skeletal injury, and Frankel grade were investigated.

RESULTS: The mean annual incidence of TSCI excluding Frankel E was 86 per million (range 86-104 per million) during the 5-year study period, with a mean age of 65.9 years (male, 75.1%) and patients in their 60s as the largest age group. Cervical injury was seen in 89.8%, and cervical TSCI without skeletal injury was seen in 65.5%. Frankel D was the most common neurological deficit (53.5%). The most common cause was falls on level surfaces (32.1%), followed by low falls (21.6%) and road traffic accidents (15.6%).

CONCLUSIONS: Recent incidence and characteristics of TSCI in the fastest aging society in Japan are presented. The incidence of incomplete cervical TSCI and falls on level surfaces appear to be increasing.


Language: en

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