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Journal Article

Citation

Wang C, Li Z, Fu R, Guo Y, Yuan W. Accid. Anal. Prev. 2019; 125: 98-105.

Affiliation

School of Automobile, Chang'an University, Middle Section of Nan'er Huan Road, 710064, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China. Electronic address: yuanwei@chd.edu.cn.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, Elsevier Publishing)

DOI

10.1016/j.aap.2019.01.030

PMID

30738295

Abstract

Driver distraction is widely recognized as a major contributor to traffic crashes. Although the effect of distraction on simulated driving performance has been studied extensively, comparatively little research based on field tests has been performed on the effects of high driving speeds on lateral driving performance during naturalistic distraction (the driver was unaware of the research topic). In this study, an instrumented vehicle is used to examine the impact of speed and naturalistic visual distraction (rear vehicle's velocity and relative distance estimation) on a driver's ability to keep in the lane. Similar to results from previous studies, visual distraction resulted in an impaired ability to keep in a lane compared to normal driving. Further investigation of steering control parameters showed an increase in steering wheel reversal rates (SRRs at 1.3° and 2.5° levels) and the standard deviation of steering wheel acceleration (SDSWA). The results of this study indicated that the standard deviation of lane positioning (SDLP) and trajectory offset (TO) increased as speed increased. As speed increased, the growth rates of SDLP and TO in the visual distraction task were the same as that in normal driving. Moreover, the SRRs and steering wheel acceleration (SWA) decreased with increased speed. As speed increased, the growth rates of SRRs and SWA during a visual distraction task were the same as that during normal driving. These results suggest that driving speed has a similar effect on driving performance during both distracted driving and normal driving.

Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Language: en

Keywords

Distraction; Driving speed; Field test; Lateral performance

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