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Journal Article


He C, Jia G, McCabe B, Sun J. Int. J. Occup. Safety Ergonomics 2019; ePub(ePub): ePub.


School of Economics and Management , Tongji University , China.


(Copyright © 2019, Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy - PaƄstwowy Instytut Badawczy, Publisher Informa - Taylor and Francis Group)






PURPOSE: Leader-member exchange (LMX) had widely been adopted to explore its influence on job performance. However, most previous studies considered LMX as a unidimensional construct and neglected the effects of its sub-dimensions, thereby reducing its practicality to improve work performance. This study empirically tested the relationship between sub-dimensions of LMX and safety behaviors, while incorporating communication competence as a mediator.

METHOD: The data were collected from Chinese construction industry workers. The theoretical model was built and checked using the structural equation modeling technique.

RESULTS: The results show that the affect and contribution dimensions of LMX positively associated with safety behaviors, while the loyalty and professional respect dimensions had negative and no relations with safety behaviors respectively. These findings demonstrate that a multidimensional view on LMX should be taken while checking its effects on safety behaviors. The affect and professional respect dimensions of LMX had indirect effects on safety participation via communication competence, which illustrate the mediating role of communication competence for construction safety. This study sheds lights on safety behavior research based on the theories of LMX. Enhancing the leadership and communication skills of safety staff, fostering a supportive safety atmosphere at sites are suggested to improve construction safety performance.

Language: en


communication competence; construction worker; leader-member exchange; safety behavior


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