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Journal Article


Snedden TR, Pierpoint LA, Currie DW, Comstock RD, Grubenhoff JA. J. Pediatr. 2019; ePub(ePub): ePub.


Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO.


(Copyright © 2019, Elsevier Publishing)






OBJECTIVE: To examine whether a primary care provider (PCP) follow-up visit after emergency department evaluation of concussion improved the children's likelihood of receiving academic support. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective cohort study. Concussed children, aged 8-18 years, presenting to a regional pediatric trauma center emergency department (n = 160) were contacted 7 and 30 days after injury to gather data on PCP follow-up, symptoms, quality of life, and receipt of academic support instituted after and because of the concussion. Bivariate comparisons of demographics, concussion characteristics, quality of life, and symptoms were made between children who did and did not receive support using independent samples t tests, Wilcoxon rank sum tests, or χ2 tests. ORs and 95% CIs were calculated using multivariable logistic regression with backwards elimination to test the association between attending an outpatient follow-up visit and the receipt of academic support for variables where P < .2 in bivariate comparisons.

RESULTS: Overall, 51.3% (n = 82) received academic support; of these, 84.2% attended a follow-up visit compared with 71.8% of 78 children who attended a follow-up visit but did not receive support (P = .06). Children who received support were more likely to have commercial insurance; experience a sports-related injury mechanism; have parents whose primary language was English; suffer from learning disabilities and migraines; and be non-Hispanic (P < .05). There was no association between attending a follow-up visit and receipt of academic support (adjusted OR 1.83; 95% CI 0.75-4.45).

CONCLUSIONS: Although the majority of children received academic support postconcussion, accommodations were associated with several demographic, medical history, and injury characteristics, but not attending a PCP follow-up visit.

Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Language: en


academic recommendations; academic support; emergency department evaluation; pediatric concussion; primary care provider follow-up


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