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Journal Article

Citation

Shi X, Shao X, Guo Z, Wu G, Zhang H, Shibasaki R. Sensors (Basel) 2019; 19(5): s19051223.

Affiliation

Center for Spatial Information Science, the University of Tokyo, Kashiwa 277-8568, Japan. shiba@csis.u-tokyo.ac.jp.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, MDPI: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute)

DOI

10.3390/s19051223

PMID

30862018

Abstract

Pedestrian trajectory prediction under crowded circumstances is a challenging problem owing to human interaction and the complexity of the trajectory pattern. Various methods have been proposed for solving this problem, ranging from traditional Bayesian analysis to Social Force model and deep learning methods. However, most existing models heavily depend on specific scenarios because the trajectory model is constructed in absolute coordinates even though the motion trajectory as well as human interaction are in relative motion. In this study, a novel trajectory prediction model is proposed to capture the relative motion of pedestrians in extremely crowded scenarios. Trajectory sequences and human interaction are first represented with relative motion and then integrated to our model to predict pedestrians' trajectories. The proposed model is based on Long Short Term Memory (LSTM) structure and consists of an encoder and a decoder which are trained by truncated back propagation. In addition, an anisotropic neighborhood setting is proposed instead of traditional neighborhood analysis. The proposed approach is validated using trajectory data acquired at an extremely crowded train station in Tokyo, Japan. The trajectory prediction experiments demonstrated that the proposed method outperforms existing methods and is stable for predictions of varying length even when the model is trained with a controlled short trajectory sequence.


Language: en

Keywords

LSTM; crowded scenarios; deep learning; encoder–decoder model; human interaction; trajectory prediction

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