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Journal Article

Citation

Jiang W, Liang C, Han W. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019; 16(5): ePub.

Affiliation

College of Emergency Management & Safety Engineering, China University of Mining & Technology(Beijing), Beijing 100083, China. hanwei2324@126.com.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, MDPI: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute)

DOI

10.3390/ijerph16050835

PMID

30866517

Abstract

This paper intends to use data to verify the correlation between safety culture, safety management system and safety knowledge, safety awareness, and safety habits, which is the correlation between the various parts of the behavior safety "2-4" model. Due to data limitations, the results are limited to the study of safety culture related relationships in coal mining enterprises. This paper first designed a questionnaire containing 30 questions, of which 1⁻5 questions represent safety culture, 6⁻22 questions represent safety management system, and 23⁻30 questions represent safety knowledge, safety awareness and safety habits. Employees of 27 coal mining enterprises in Shandong, Henan, Hunan and other places in China were surveyed and sampled by stratified random sampling, and 1514 valid questionnaires were obtained. After item analysis and correlation analysis, and it was found that, within the data of 1514 questionnaires, the item total correlation coefficients of questions 6, 9, 19 and 28 were all less than 0.2, indicating that the identification degree of these four items was poor, which was deleted. Using the data analysis of the remaining 26 questions in the questionnaire, it was found that the relationship between safety culture and the safety management system, the safety management system and safety knowledge, and safety awareness and safety habits is moderately related; safety culture and safety knowledge, safety awareness and safety habits are weakly related. The conclusion shows that the safety culture directly affects the safety management system; the safety management system directly affects the safety knowledge, safety awareness and safety habits; the safety culture indirectly affects safety knowledge, safety awareness and safety habits. However, why the expected strong correlation is not achieved, and whether the same conclusion can be obtained if the data scale is expanded or other types of enterprises are added for questionnaire measurement, these are questions worthy of further study, which is also the author's next research content.


Language: en

Keywords

safety awareness; safety culture; safety habits; safety knowledge; safety management

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