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Journal Article


Gao T, Song R, Zhu L, Qiu L. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019; 16(8): e16081348.


College of Landscape Architecture and Arts, Northwest A&F University, Xianyang 712100, Shaanxi, China.


(Copyright © 2019, MDPI: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute)






Several studies have revealed the positive effects of green space and certain activities on counteracting the physical and mental pressure felt by human beings. However, how self-reported stressed people perceive restorative green spaces, their preferences for specific characteristics and activities, and what characteristics of urban green space can induce various types of activities for stress recovery has not been fully examined in the high-density cities of China. Using an on-site questionnaire survey conducted in the People's Park (PP) in Baoji, China, this study is the first to consider the relationship among eight sensory dimensions, activity types and stress recovery in Chinese green space.

RESULTS showed that the highest-stressed respondents were more likely to spend their time in multi-layered woodlands adjacent to water, with more experiences of serene but less about prospect. They preferred serene dimension more, while the culture and social dimensions were least preferred. Sports and leisure activities and quiet activities were the most popular among highest-stressed respondents, which were positively related to the serene and nature dimensions, respectively.

RESULTS suggested that the most restorative environment for stress recovery can be regarded as multi-layered woodlands adjacent to water with more serene and nature, less prospect and few or no culture and social dimensions.

Language: en


human health; landscape planning; perceived sensory dimensions; recreational activities; urban green space


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