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Journal Article

Citation

Xu W, Sun H, Zhu B, Bai W, Yu X, Duan R, Kou C, Li W. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019; 16(14): ePub.

Affiliation

Department of Social Medicine and Health Management, School of Public Health, Jilin University, Changchun 130021, China. liwenjun@jlu.edu.cn.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, MDPI: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute)

DOI

10.3390/ijerph16142566

PMID

31323796

Abstract

(1) Purpose: The purpose of our research is to understand the subjective well-being (SWB) of Chinese adult residents and its influencing factors and to identify the key groups and areas to provide a basis for the formulation of relevant policies to improve residents' happiness. (2) Methods: In this study, we analyzed the influencing factors of SWB of individuals older than 16 years of age, according to the 2014 China Family Panel Study (CFPS). We weighted 27,706 samples in the database to achieve the purpose of representing the whole country. Finally, descriptive statistics were used for the population distribution, chi-square tests were used for univariable analysis, and binary logistic models were used for multivariable analysis. (3) Results: The response rate of SWB was 74.58%. Of the respondents, 71.2% had high SWB (7-10), with a U-shaped distribution between age and SWB. Females are more likely than males to rate themselves as happy. There is a positive ratio between years of education and SWB. Residents who have better self-evaluated income, self-rated health (SRH), psychological well-being (PWB), Body Mass Index (BMI), social trust, social relationships, and physical exercise have higher SWB. (4) Conclusion: The results of the present study indicate that to improve residents' SWB, we should focus more attention on middle-aged and low-income groups, particularly men in agriculture. The promotion of SWB should be facilitated by improvements in residents' education, health status, and social support as well as by the promotion of smoking bans and physical exercise.


Language: en

Keywords

education; physical exercise; psychological well-being (PWB); social relationship; social trust; subjective well-being (SWB)

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