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Journal Article

Citation

Kim D. Accid. Anal. Prev. 2019; 131: 268-274.

Affiliation

Department of Urban and Regional Planning, California State Polytechnic University Pomona, 3801 W Temple Ave, Pomona, CA, 91768, USA. Electronic address: dohyungkim@cpp.edu.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, Elsevier Publishing)

DOI

10.1016/j.aap.2019.07.009

PMID

31336314

Abstract

For the elderly, walking is an important, reliable mobility option, since the elderly frequently lose their physical and/or sensory ability to drive as their age increases. However, elderly pedestrians are vulnerable on the streets and are at great risk of injury or death, when involved in a collision. This is due to not only increased frailty but also such issues as reaction speed and confidence on the streets. Therefore, pedestrian safety for older adults is a growing concern. This paper comprehensively examines the relationship between physical conditions and elderly pedestrian safety at the intersection level. By constructing a multinomial logistic regression (MLR) model, this paper identifies the exclusive contributing factors to elderly pedestrian collisions rather than younger pedestrian collisions. The outputs from the model suggest that facilities such as raised median, three-way intersection, street tree, and park and recreational land use improve the safety of elderly pedestrians. They also imply that bus stops increase elderly pedestrian collisions, while the intersections with crosswalks or colored crosswalks do not contribute to elderly pedestrians' safety, but the safety of younger pedestrians. The findings of this paper provide insight to transportation policies like Complete Street and Vision Zero and help to improve the current road system that are designed for automobiles and young, healthy road users.

Published by Elsevier Ltd.


Language: en

Keywords

Built environment; Elderly pedestrians; Intersection level; Traffic collision

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