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Journal Article

Citation

Suzuki T, Watanabe T, Okuyama S. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019; 16(14): e16142466.

Affiliation

Civil and Environmental Engineering Course, Integrated Graduate School of Medicine, Engineering and Agricultural Sciences, University of Yamanashi, Kofu City, Yamanashi 400-8511, Japan.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, MDPI: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute)

DOI

10.3390/ijerph16142466

PMID

31373328

Abstract

Large-scale floods have been occurring more frequently in Japan as a result of current global weather anomalies, yet evacuation procedures face several issues. These include low evacuation rates of citizens, wide-area evacuation by car, and residents who cannot evacuate on their own. For example, in the Kofu Basin, Yamanashi Prefecture, due to the size of the potential inundation area and a population that exceeds 300,000 people spread across 10 municipalities, a large number of residents would have to evacuate across municipal boundaries by car. The author proposed and applied a risk communication method to the Riverside District, Chuo City (with about 1400 households and a population of about 4000), assisting in developing a community disaster management plan for wide-area evacuation without a single victim in case of floods, which has been in place for three years. The next step was risk communication to key stakeholders, such as national, prefectural, and municipal governments. Finally, a public symposium on large-scale evacuation in the Kofu Basin was held. During the panel discussion with representatives of the Kofu River and National Road Office, prefectural government of Yamanashi, the municipality, community residents, and the author as panelists, the role of each stakeholder in area-wide evacuation was clarified and confirmed.


Language: en

Keywords

BECAUSE model; CAUSE model; community disaster management plan; expected maximum rainfall; flood; risk communications; role of stakeholders; wide-area evacuation

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