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Journal Article

Citation

Wangamati CK, Yegon G, Sundby J, Prince RJ. Sex. Reprod. Health Matters 2019; 27(1): e1586815.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, Informa - Taylor and Francis Group)

DOI

10.1080/26410397.2019.1586815

PMID

unavailable

Abstract

Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a major global health challenge. Extant literature shows that CSA is prevalent in Kenya. As a signatory of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child and the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, the Kenyan government is mandated to ensure that children are protected from sexual abuse through sound laws and policies. This paper reviews existing laws and policies on CSA and highlights their strengths and weaknesses. Our findings indicate that laws on child protection exist and are protective to a large extent, as harsh penalties are outlined for sexual offences. Survivors of CSA are entitled to free legal and medical services. However, there are no reparations offered to survivors in criminal proceedings. Moreover, there is no legislation on age-appropriate comprehensive sexuality education which plays an important role in cultivating positive gender norms and describing what constitutes CSA and reporting procedures. The national standard operating procedures for the management of sexual violence against children lack CSA screening procedures. There is urgent need for review of these laws and policies and development of multisectoral protocols at the national and county level, that outline roles and responsibilities for various service providers, supervisory and accountability measures and referral networks.


Language: en

Keywords

Children Act; guidelines; Kenya; post-sexual assault care; Sexual Offences Act; sexuality education

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