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Journal Article

Citation

Stockbridge MD, Newman R. Am. J. Speech Lang. Pathol. 2019; ePub(ePub): ePub.

Affiliation

Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, American Speech-Language-Hearing Association)

DOI

10.1044/2019_AJSLP-18-0196

PMID

31487473

Abstract

PURPOSE The purpose of this research is to determine whether individuals with a history of concussion retain enduring differences in narrative writing tasks, which necessitate rapid and complex integration of both cognitive and linguistic faculties.

METHOD Participants aged 12-40 years old, who did or did not have a remote history of concussion, were recruited to take an online survey that included writing both a familiar and a novel narrative. They also were asked to complete multiple tasks targeting word-level and domain general cognitive skills, so that their performance could be interpreted across these dimensions.

RESULTS Participants with a concussion history were largely similar to participants with no history of brain injury across tasks that targeted a single skill in isolation. However, participants with prior concussions demonstrated difficulty in providing both key content and details when presented with a novel video and asked to provide a summary of what they had just seen. Number of lifetime concussions predicted the inclusion of key content when summarizing the video. Thus, differences in cognitive and linguistic skills required for written narrative language may continue to be present far after concussion, despite average normative levels of performance on tasks targeting these skills in isolation.

CONCLUSIONS These findings suggest that individuals with a concussion history, particularly a history of multiple concussions, may continue to experience difficulties for a long period after injury and are likely to benefit from more complex and ecologically valid assessment prior to discharge. Individuals with a concussion history who return to full participation in work, school, and recreational activities may continue to benefit from assistance when asked to rapidly acquire and distill novel information, as is often required in academic and professional environments.


Language: en

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