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Journal Article

Citation

Daruwalla N, Jaswal S, Fernandes P, Pinto P, Hate K, Ambavkar G, Kakad B, Gram L, Osrin D. Wellcome Open Res. 2019; 4: e54.

Affiliation

Institute for Global Health, University College London, London, WC1N IEH, UK.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, Welcome Trust)

DOI

10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15128.1

PMID

31489380

PMCID

PMC6719749

Abstract

Background: We describe the development of a theory of change for community mobilisation activities to prevent violence against women and girls. These activities are part of a broader program in urban India that works toward primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention of violence and includes crisis response and counselling and medical, police, and legal assistance. Methods: The theory of change was developed in five phases, via expert workshops, use of primary data, recurrent team meetings, adjustment at further meetings and workshops, and a review of published theories. Results: The theory summarises inputs for primary and secondary prevention, consequent changes (positive and negative), and outcomes. It is fully adapted to the program context, was designed through an extended consultative process, emphasises secondary prevention as a pathway to primary prevention, and integrates community activism with referral and counselling interventions. Conclusions: The theory specifies testable causal pathways to impact and will be evaluated in a controlled trial.


Language: en

Keywords

Domestic violence; India; Mumbai; gender-based violence; intimate partner violence; theory of change

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