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Journal Article

Citation

Goodall CA, MacFie F, Conway DI, McMahon AD. Aggress. Violent Behav. 2019; 46: 190-196.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, Elsevier Publishing)

DOI

10.1016/j.avb.2018.10.002

PMID

unavailable

Abstract

Background
The number of patients with assault-related sharp force injury has declined in recent years in Scotland. This study aimed to determine the incidence of these injuries over time and to explore their key socio-demographic determinants.
Methods
Routinely collected coded hospital admission data for the time period 2001-2013 were used to calculate annual incidence rates by age-group, gender, geographical region, and area-based Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation using midyear population estimates. A Poisson regression analysis model was developed including the variables: age-group, gender, year, geographical region, and deprivation quintile. The data were compared with available published crime data.
Results
The incidence of sharp force injury showed an ongoing decline between 2001 and 2013. The fall was greatest among young people and in the West of Scotland and mirrored the reduction in weapons and knife related offences. The relative risk of sustaining a sharp force injury was greatest for younger age-groups, among males, and in those resident in the West of Scotland and in areas of socioeconomic deprivation.
Conclusions
There already exist a range of violence prevention measures in Scotland, but in order to further reduce the inequality associated with sharp force injury, interventions should be further targeted to working with younger men from deprived communities of Scotland.


Language: en

Keywords

Interpersonal violence; Prevention; Sharp-force injury; Socio-demographic determinants; Violence reduction

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