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Journal Article

Citation

Amiri S, Brooks KR, Vila BJ, Daratha KB. Appl. Geogr. 2019; 102: 99-108.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, Elsevier Publishing)

DOI

10.1016/j.apgeog.2018.12.010

PMID

unavailable

Abstract

This study developed an objective three-dimensional method for better specifying the concept of natural surveillance and its application to the study of crime, specifically residential burglary. An observational study employing mixed methods was conducted where natural surveillance was quantified at the micro-scale of building openings through utilization of georeferenced data and geospatial technologies. Natural surveillance was bifurcated into occupant and road surveillability to represent, respectively, surveillability by residents and surveillability by strangers along streets. Higher occupant surveillability was associated with decreased odds of burglary commission. In contrast, higher road surveillability was associated with increased odds of burglary commission. This study demonstrated the importance of natural surveillance in relationship to residential burglaries. The findings have implications for environmental design and planning policies and potential reductions in crime. This study also demonstrated techniques that law enforcement can employ to leverage societal investments in geospatial data to benefit public safety.


Language: en

Keywords

3D analysis; Eyes-on-the-Street; Geographic information systems (GIS); Line-of-Sight; Natural surveillance; Residential burglary

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