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Journal Article


Dif H, Zendagui D, Bard PY. Bull. Earthq. Eng. 2019; 17(3): 1185-1219.


(Copyright © 2019, European Association on Earthquake Engineering, Publisher Holtzbrinck Springer Nature Publishing Group)






Local site effects due to geotechnical conditions modify seismic motions on surface. This implies that during a given earthquake, buildings located on soft sites may experience a higher damage than similar buildings resting on nearby rock sites. The aim of this study is to provide an estimation of the influence of site conditions on the buildings damage distribution. We combine an approach adapted from the Hazus methodology for the assessment of building damage, with the Borcherdt non linear site amplification factors, that enable to characterize the high and low frequency amplification as a function of VS30 (the average shear wave velocity in the upper 30 m) and ground motion levels. Analysis of obtained results indicates that, seismic damage expressed by the normalized mean damage index depends not only on seismic shaking level and building typology but also on site conditions through the shear wave velocity proxy. A regression relationship is established between the seismic damage and both shaking levels and site conditions, aiming at presenting a simple, rapid tool for estimating this damage at urban areas. An index, the "damage increase ratio", is proposed to quantify the increase of damage resulting from site effects, and its dependence on loading level and site conditions are quantified and discussed for the main building typologies present in Algeria. Depending on the building typology, the overall damage may vary within a range of 2-5 for moderate shaking (0.1 g) between hard rock and very soft soil, and within a range 1-1.5 for strong shaking (0.5 g). The reduction of the impact of site conditions with increasing shaking level is directly linked with the nonlinear soil behavior.

Language: en


Damage index; Hazus; Local conditions; Seismic risk; Site effects


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