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Journal Article


Christodoulou AD, Abakoumkin G, Tseliou E. Child Youth Care Forum 2019; 48(4): 513-527.


(Copyright © 2019, Holtzbrinck Springer Nature Publishing Group)






BackgroundChild maltreatment (CM) is a serious societal problem that needs to be reported in order to be dealt with. Teachers, who are in a key position to identify and report CM, often do not report it and this instigated much research on teachers' intention to report CM. However, most of this research examined potentially related variables without using any particular theory, while the few theoretically informed studies mostly used the theory of planned behavior (TPB), an extension of the theory of reasoned action (TRA).

OBJECTIVEIn the present study, both TRA and TPB were used to predict teachers' intention to report CM.

METHODTeachers' (N = 117) attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control and intention to report CM were assessed with the Child Abuse Report Intention Scale (CARIS) in a 4 (abuse type: physical vs. sexual vs. emotional vs. neglect) × 2 (severity level: low vs. high) within subjects design.

RESULTSTRA and TPB could both predict teachers' intention to report CM. However, TRA was better than TPB in predicting report intention for low severity cases, whereas TPB was better for high severity cases.

CONCLUSIONSTRA and TPB are both useful theories within the context of reporting CM. For the reporting of high (but not low) severity CM it is crucial to understand the potential reporter's relevant control beliefs. Theoretically driven research on teachers' intentions to report CM promises an overall better handling of this serious societal problem.

Language: en


Child abuse and neglect; Child maltreatment; Teachers; Theory of planned behavior; Theory of reasoned action


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