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Journal Article

Citation

Schnall AH, Wolkin AF, Roth JJ, Ellis EM. Am. J. Public Health 2019; 109(Suppl 4): S303-S308.

Affiliation

Amy Helene Schnall is with the National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, GA. Amy Funk Wolkin is with the Center for Preparedness and Response, CDC, Atlanta. Joseph (Jay) Roth is with the Center for Preparedness and Response, CDC, assigned to the US Virgin Islands Department of Health, Christensted, St Croix. Esther M. Ellis is with the US Virgin Islands Department of Health.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, American Public Health Association)

DOI

10.2105/AJPH.2019.305161

PMID

31505137

Abstract

Objectives. To assess preparedness levels of communities to help public health and others plan for disasters or emergencies and tailor messaging to increase community preparedness.Methods. US Virgin Islands Department of Health conducted a Community Assessment for Public Health Emergency Response (CASPER) in June 2017, 2 hurricane response CASPERs in November 2017, and a recovery CASPER in February 2018. CASPER is a 2-stage cluster sampling method designed to provide household-based information about a community's needs in a timely, inexpensive, and representative manner.Results. Roughly the same amount of households reported having a 3-day supply of food and water before and 3 months after the hurricanes. During the response, approximately a third of households resupplied between 3 and 6 days and an additional approximately 40% between days 7 and 14.Conclusions. On the basis of the CASPERs, we were able to track whether households had an emergency preparedness kit, whether they used it during the storms (and what was missing), and if they resupplied their kit in recovery.Public Health Implications. CASPER is a promising tool to measure community preparedness to help state, local, tribal, and territorial jurisdictions plan for disasters or emergencies.


Language: en

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