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Journal Article

Citation

Parry SM, Denehy L, Granger CL, McGinley JL, Files DC, Berry MJ, Dhar S, Bakhru RN, Larkin JST, Puthucheary ZA, Clark RA, Morris PE. Aust. Crit. Care 2019; ePub(ePub): ePub.

Affiliation

Section on Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses, Publisher Elsevier Publishing)

DOI

10.1016/j.aucc.2019.04.006

PMID

31495638

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Muscle weakness and impairments in physical functioning are well-recognised sequelae after critical illness. Whether individuals have a higher risk of community falls and a fear of falling has not been examined amongst individuals after critical illness.

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to explore the prevalence of falls, fear of falling, and fall risk in intensive care unit (ICU) survivors over a 6-month period after hospital discharge.

METHODS: This was a nested exploratory study within a medical ICU. Fall prevalence was measured in line with established guidelines over 6 months after ICU discharge. Fear of falling and prediction of fall risk were assessed at 2, 4, and 6 months after discharge.

RESULTS: Twelve individuals were included. Half of the cohort (n = 6) had at least one fall, with one-third sustaining more than one fall. There were 17 falls reported across the six individuals. Injuries requiring medical intervention were reported with five falls. Almost one-third were classified as 'moderate' to 'severe' injurious falls. Loss of balance and fatigue were reported as the main contributors to the falls. All individuals who had a fall reported a severe fear of falling at 2 months. Individuals classified as having 'moderate' to 'high' risk of falls at 2 months were more likely to have at least one fall.

CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that ICU survivors may have a high fall risk, fear of falling, and fall prevalence, which can result in significant injury.

Copyright © 2019 Australian College of Critical Care Nurses Ltd. All rights reserved.


Language: en

Keywords

Critical illness; Fall prevalence; Fear of falling; Muscle weakness; Post–intensive care syndrome; Recovery

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