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Journal Article

Citation

Rees CA, Lee LK, Fleegler EW, Mannix R. Clin. Pediatr. 2019; ePub(ePub): ePub.

Affiliation

Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, SAGE Publishing)

DOI

10.1177/0009922819873650

PMID

31496261

Abstract

School shootings comprise a small proportion of childhood deaths from firearms; however, these shootings receive a disproportionately large share of media attention. We conducted a root cause analysis of 2 recent school shootings in the United States using lay press reports. We reviewed 1760 and analyzed 282 articles from the 10 most trusted news sources. We identified 356 factors associated with the school shootings. Policy-level factors, including a paucity of adequate legislation controlling firearm purchase and ownership, were the most common contributing factors to school shootings. Mental illness was a commonly cited person-level factor, and access to firearms in the home and availability of large-capacity firearms were commonly cited environmental factors. Novel approaches, including root cause analyses using lay media, can identify factors contributing to mass shootings. The policy, person, and environmental factors associated with these school shootings should be addressed as part of a multipronged effort to prevent future mass shootings.


Language: en

Keywords

Parkland; Santa Fe; mass shooting; root cause analysis; school shooting

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