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Journal Article

Citation

Wang B, Liu S, Persoskie A. Clin. Toxicol. (T and F) 2019; ePub(ePub): ePub.

Affiliation

Center for Tobacco Products, United States Food and Drug Administration , Silver Spring , MD , USA.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, Informa - Taylor and Francis Group)

DOI

10.1080/15563650.2019.1661426

PMID

31496321

Abstract

Introduction: Poisoning exposure cases involving e-cigarettes have increased since 2010, coinciding with increasing rates of e-cigarette use in the United States (US). Given the increasing prevalence of e-cigarette use and ever-changing product designs, particularly the development of new products with high nicotine levels, it is important to conduct ongoing surveillance of poisoning exposure cases involving e-cigarettes. The objective of this study is to describe trends and characteristics of poisoning exposure cases involving e-cigarettes and e-liquids reported to poison control centers in the US. Methods: We analyzed e-cigarette exposure cases from the National Poison Data System (NPDS) during 2010-2018 by year and other characteristics. Results: The annual number of e-cigarette exposure cases increased greatly between 2010 and 2014, reaching a peak of 3742 in 2014, and then decreasing each year between 2015 and 2017. Between 2017 and 2018, the overall number of e-cigarette exposure cases increased by 25.0% (from 2320 to 2901). Approximately two-thirds (64.8%) of all cases were in children under age five, and 14.7% were in children aged 5-17 years or young adults aged 18-24 years. A small proportion of cases developed life-threatening symptoms (0.1%); and cases with more serious medical outcomes tended to be exposed to a higher e-liquid or nicotine quantity. Conclusions: Annual declines in e-cigarette exposure cases between 2015 and 2017 did not continue in 2018. The rapid changes in the occurrence of poisoning exposure cases involving e-cigarettes coupled with the development of new tobacco products and ever-evolving tobacco use landscape underscore the importance of continued surveillance of these poisoning exposure cases. Continuous monitoring of these poisoning exposure cases may inform efforts aimed at preventing e-cigarette poisoning exposures.


Language: en

Keywords

Poison; e-cigarette; electronic cigarette; exposure; liquid nicotine

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