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Journal Article


Abolfotouh MA, Almuneef M. J. Public Health (Oxford) 2019; ePub(ePub): ePub.


National Family Safety Program, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Ministry of National Guard-Health Affairs, Riyadh 11426, Saudi Arabia.


(Copyright © 2019, Oxford University Press)






BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) and its correlates, amongst currently married Saudi women.

METHODS: A total of 400 currently married females aged 19-65 years old who attended the outpatient clinics of PHC centres in Riyadh, from 1 November 2015 to 1 February 2016, were screened for the current and previous experiences with IPV, and its correlates, using the previously validated Arabic version of the WHO multi-country instrument on violence against women. Logistic regression analyses were applied to identify the correlates of IPV.

RESULTS: The lifetime overall prevalence of IPV was 44.8%, in the form of; physical (18.5%), emotional (25.5%), sexual (19.2%) and economic (25.3%) violence. Wife's experience of child abuse was significantly associated with physical [OR = 3.63, P < 0.001], emotional [OR = 2.2, P = 0.004], sexual [OR = 2.42, P = 0.006], economic [OR = 2.24, P = 0.006] and overall IPV [OR = 2.76, P < 0.001], whilst husband's experience was significantly associated with only the emotional violence [OR = 2.4, P = 0.004]. Physical violence was significantly more prevalent when the woman lived with other wife in same house.

CONCLUSION: IPV with its all forms was prevalent amongst Saudi women. Child abuse experience and polygamy were significantly associated with IPV. Designing tailored IPV national prevention programmes is a necessity.

© The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Faculty of Public Health. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail:

Language: en


child abuse/neglect; domestic violence; inter-spousal violence; women abuse; women health; women rights


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