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Journal Article


Zhai ZW, Hoff RA, Magruder CF, Steinberg MA, Wampler J, Krishnan-Sarin S, Potenza MN. J. Behav. Addict. 2019; ePub(ePub): ePub.


Department of Neuroscience and Child Study Center, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.


(Copyright © 2019, Akadémiai Kiadó)






BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A recent call to action highlighted the need to understand the relationship between problem gambling, violence, and health/functioning. As weapon-carrying and gambling behaviors are prevalent in adolescents, this study systematically examined relationships between weapon-carrying status and measures of problem gambling severity and gambling perceptions and attitudes, as well as how weapon-carrying status moderated relationships between problem gambling severity and measures of health/functioning and gambling behavior.

METHODS: Participants were 2,301 Connecticut high-school adolescents. χ2 and logistic regression models were conducted.

RESULTS: Weapon-carriers reported greater problem gambling severity, more permissive gambling perceptions, greater parental approval of gambling, and more family gambling concerns, compared to non-weapon-carriers. At-risk/problem gambling was more strongly associated with family, peers, and adult gambling partners among non-weapon-carriers (vs. weapon-carriers) and with machine gambling among weapon-carriers (vs. non-weapon-carriers).

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Greater problem gambling severity and more permissive gambling perceptions and perceived parental approval of gambling in weapon-carrying adolescents suggest that parent-child relationships are important to be considered in prevention efforts. The moderated relationship by weapon-carrying status between problem gambling severity and gambling partners suggests a problem gambling risk group that may be less linked to gambling with traditional social support groups, and this group may benefit from targeted interventions.

Language: en


adolescent; gambling; high school; problem behaviors; violence; weapon-carrying


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