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Journal Article

Citation

Mackenzie L, Clemson L, Irving D. Aust. Occup. Ther. J. 2019; ePub(ePub): ePub.

Affiliation

Faculty of Health Sciences, Discipline of Occupational Therapy, The University of Sydney, Lidcombe, NSW, Australia.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, John Wiley and Sons)

DOI

10.1111/1440-1630.12618

PMID

31682030

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Falls are an important issue in primary care. General practitioners (GPs) are in a key position to identify older people at risk of falls on their caseload and put preventative plans into action. Chronic Disease Management (CDM) plans allow GPs to refer to allied health practitioners (AHPs) for evidence-based falls interventions. A previous pilot study reduced falls risk factors using CDM pans with older people at risk of falls. This study aimed to conduct a process evaluation of how the intervention worked in the pilot study for providers and consumers.

METHODS: This process evaluation used qualitative descriptive methods by interviewing the GPs, AHPs and older people involved in the intervention study. An independent researcher conducted interviews. These were audiotaped, transcribed and analysed using thematic analysis. Data were also collected about the implementation of the programme.

RESULTS: Two GPs, three occupational therapists, three physiotherapists and eight older people were interviewed. Key themes emerged from the perspectives of providers and consumers. The programme was implemented as intended, adherence to the exercise diaries was variable and the falls calendars were fully completed for three months of follow-up. The programme was implemented as intended.

CONCLUSION: The pilot CDM falls prevention programme did not identify common barriers attributed to GPs. Older people were amenable to the programme and participated freely. Private AHPs needed to make the CDM items work for their business model. This approach can be rolled out in a larger study and integrated pathways are needed to identify and intervene with older people at risk of falls in primary care.

© 2019 Occupational Therapy Australia.


Language: en

Keywords

accidental falls; ageing; chronic disease; community health services; occupational therapy

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