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Journal Article


Cayuela L, Pilo Uceda FJ, Sánchez Gayango A, Rodríguez-Domínguez S, Velasco Quiles AA, Cayuela A. Rev. Psiquiatr. Salud Ment. 2019; ePub(ePub): ePub.

Vernacular Title

Tendencias divergentes en la mortalidad por suicidio según comunidad autónoma y sexo (1980-2016).


Unidad de Gestión Clínica de Salud Pública, Prevención y Promoción de la Salud, Área de Gestión Sanitaria Sur de Sevilla, Hospital de Valme, Sevilla, España.


(Copyright © 2019, Elsevier Publishing)






OBJECTIVES: To analyse the changes in mortality trends by suicide according to Autonomous Community and sex in Spain during the period 1980-2016 using joinpoint regression models.

METHODS: Mortality data were obtained from the Instituo Nacional de Estadística. For each Spanish autonomous community and sex, crude and standardised rates were calculated. The joinpoint analysis was used to identify the best-fitting points where a statistically significant change in the trend occurred.

RESULTS: The joinpoint analysis allows to differentiate areas in which the rates remain stable in men (Cantabria, Castilla-La Mancha) and women (Canary and Cantabria) throughout the study period and others with a continued decline (Extremadura in both men and women and Castilla-La Mancha in women). In those communities where changes in the trend are observed, in almost all of them, there is a first period of increase in rates in both men and women. The most recent trends show divergences between the different autonomous communities and, in men, Andalusia, the Canary Islands, Castilla-León, the Valencian Community, Galicia, Murcia, the Basque Country and La Rioja show significant downward trends, while Catalonia and Madrid show significant increases (2007-2016: 2.4% and 2010-2016: 18.7% respectively). Something similar is observed in women where Andalusia, Castilla y León, Valencian Community, Galicia, Murcia, País Vasco and La Rioja show downward trends while in the Balearic Islands, Catalonia and Madrid the trend is upward (2001-2016: 5.0%; 2006-2016: 4.2% and 2010-2016: 18.7% respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: Suicide mortality varies widely among the Spanish autonomous communities, both in terms of mortality level and trends. Little is known about the determinants of observed trends and, therefore, more studies are needed.

Copyright © 2019 SEP y SEPB. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

Language: es


Epidemiology; Epidemiología; Mortalidad; Mortality; Suicide; Suicidio; Tendencias; Trends


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