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Journal Article

Citation

Al-Amin Hoque M, Billah MM, Pradhan B. Int. J. Disaster Risk Reduct. 2019; 38: e101197.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, Elsevier Publishing)

DOI

10.1016/j.ijdrr.2019.101197

PMID

unavailable

Abstract

Lightning is one of the frequent catastrophic hazards to people and properties across the world. Bangladesh is one of the major lightning prone countries in the world. Information regarding the spatial, temporal and demographic distribution of lightning casualties is required to develop mitigation policies to minimize the impacts of lightning. This study aims to analyse the spatial, temporal and demographic distribution of lightning-related casualties in the northeastern part of Bangladesh from 2016 to 2018. The database of lightning casualties was developed from a variety of sources including government and private agencies. Records dating from 2016 to 2018 indicate that about 78 and 60 people have been killed and injured, respectively by lightning strikes. The highest number of lightning fatalities were reported in the districts of Kishoreganj (31%), Habiganj (18%) and Sunamganj (15%). The overall fatality rate is 1.76 per million people per year, and fatality density rate is 0.00388 per million people km−2 year−1. The majority of fatalities and injuries occurred within the early morning 0800 and early evening 1700 at local time. The number of fatalities was higher in April-May during the pre-monsoon season. The maximum number of people died by lightning during farming activities, followed by fishing, boating or bathing in water bodies. The findings of the study are highly beneficial to the administrator and policymakers to develop lightning mitigation plans, improve public awareness and lightning safety campaign to reduce the impacts of lightning hazards.


Language: en

Keywords

Bangladesh; Causalities; GIS; Lightning; Spatial; Vulnerability

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