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Journal Article

Citation

Asmer L, Popa A, Koch T, Deutschmann A, Hellmann M. J. Rail. Transp. Plan. Manag. 2019; 10: 9-22.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, Elsevier Publishing)

DOI

10.1016/j.jrtpm.2019.04.002

PMID

unavailable

Abstract

The threat of international terrorism is becoming increasingly evident in Europe. Especially critical infrastructures, such as transport infrastructures, are in focus of terrorist attacks. Therefore, we conduct a feasibility study on the introduction of security checks at train stations. A simulation model for Brunswick, Germany train station has been created and used to investigate the impact of additional security checks on the passenger flow. Several simulations with a varying number of opened security checks were carried out and data for queue length, waiting times and passengers reaching their train in time was analyzed. The simulations have shown that it would be possible to sustain passenger processing at Brunswick railway station with regional and long-distance connections using considerable resources (up to 18 security checkpoints). With fewer than 18 checkpoints, a scheduled, traffic-oriented processing of the passengers is not possible. However, local traffic would significantly lose convenience as a means of transport, since many passengers would have to expect long waiting times despite short travel distances. A possible concept could therefore be a separation of regional and long-distance traffic by the introduction of so-called satellite railway stations in metropolitan areas.


Language: en

Keywords

Critical infrastructure protection; Passenger flow simulation; Railway station; Security

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