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Journal Article


Balemba S, Beauregard E. J. Crim. Psychol. 2019; 9(3): 122-137.


(Copyright © 2019, Emerald Group Publishing)






PURPOSE Victim resistance has been shown to have an important impact on the outcome of sexual assaults. Thus, the factors that affect a victim's likelihood of various levels of resistance are relevant to consider, given the possibly detrimental effect these actions can have on crime outcome. While not intended to blame the victim in any way, it is important to examine the role the victim plays within a sexually coercive interchange in order to completely understand the sex crime event and, thus, be able to inform potential victims as to the patterns that increase resistance and, potentially, overall violence. The paper aims to discuss this issue.

DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH Sequential logistic regression analyses were conducted on a sample of 613 sex offenses (incorporating both adult and child victims) to examine the individual and combined effects of offender lifestyle, disinhibitors, victim vulnerability, situational impediments and offender modus operandi on victim resistance levels.

FINDINGS Results suggest that indicators of offender mindset are significant, particularly the use of pornography prior to the crime, and affect victim interpretation and response to the offender's actions during the course of the assault. Other relevant factors include the victim's age and the degree of violence present in the offender's approach and subsequent offending strategies.

ORIGINALITY/VALUE This information would be helpful to incorporate into victim education programs so that past and future potential victims can better understand the criminal event and the causes and effects of their own actions within that event.

Language: en


Criminal event; Modus operandi; Rape; Sexual assault; Victim resistance; Violence


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