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Journal Article

Citation

Simmons ML, McEwan TE, Purcell R, Huynh M. J. Fam. Violence 2019; 34(7): 663-676.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, Holtzbrinck Springer Nature Publishing Group)

DOI

10.1007/s10896-019-00071-1

PMID

unavailable

Abstract

Child-to-parent abuse (CPA) research struggles to differentiate between disrespectful and abusive behaviour, leading some to conclude that 90% of children abuse their parents and rendering the concept essentially meaningless. The Abusive Behaviour by Children-Indices (ABC-I) was developed with the aim of differentiating abusive and non-abusive youth using a novel scoring procedure created from parents' norms about abuse. The ABC-I was developed with parents of young people aged 14-25 years (N = 201) using index-development procedures. The structure of the ABC-I was validated with young people aged 14 to 25 (N = 587) using partial least squares-structural equation modelling. Using the parents' sample, 40 items derived from the literature were reduced to 10 behavioural descriptors. Parents who identified their children as abusive were 89% more likely to have higher ABC-I scores than non-abused parents. The structure of the ABC-I was further reduced to nine items in the youth sample. The ABC-I identified a 12-month CPA incidence rate of 16%. The ABC-I is the first CPA measure to provide an evidence-based threshold for abuse that incorporates both frequency and severity of abuse to improve upon the identification of abuse involving psychological aggression or coercion.


Language: en

Keywords

Aggression; Child-to-parent abuse; Child-to-parent violence; Family violence; Index development

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