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Journal Article

Citation

Ogura A, Tsurumi A, Que YA, Almpani M, Zheng H, Tompkins RG, Ryan CM, Rahme LG. Burns 2019; ePub(ePub): ePub.

Affiliation

Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 340 Thier Research Building, 50 Blossom Street, Boston MA 02114, USA; Shriners Hospitals for Children, 51 Blossom St., Boston, MA 02114, USA; Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School, 77 Ave. Louis Pasteur, Boston, MA 02114, USA. Electronic address: rahme@molbio.mgh.harvard.edu.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, Elsevier Publishing)

DOI

10.1016/j.burns.2019.02.014

PMID

31690472

Abstract

To determine the association between potential risk factors and multiple organ failure (MOF) in severe burn adult patients, we performed a secondary analysis of data from the "Inflammation and the Host Response to Injury" database, which included patients from six burn centers in the United States between 2003 and 2009. Three hundred twenty-two adult patients (aged ≥16 years) with severe burns (≥20.0% total body surface area [TBSA]) were included. MOF was defined according to the Denver score. Potential risk factors were analyzed for their association with MOF. Models were built using multivariable logistic regression analysis. Eighty-eight patients (27.3%) developed MOF during the study period. We found that TBSA, age, and inhalation injury were significant risk factors for MOF. This predictive model showed good performance, with the total area under the receiver operating characteristic curve being 0.823. Moreover, among patients who developed MOF, inhalation injury was significantly associated with the development of MOF in the acute phase (within three days of injury) (adjusted odds ratio 3.1; 95% confidence interval 1.1-8.3). TBSA, age, lactate, and Denver score within 24h were associated with the late phase development of MOF. Thus, we have identified key risk factors for the onset of MOF after severe burn injury. Our findings contribute to the understanding of individualized treatment and will potentially allow for efficient allocation of resources and a lower threshold for admission to an intensive care unit, which can prevent the development of MOF and eventually reduce mortality.

Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.


Language: en

Keywords

Adult; Denver MOF score; Glue Grant; Multiple organ failure; Risk factors; Severe burns

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