SAFETYLIT WEEKLY UPDATE

We compile citations and summaries of about 400 new articles every week.
Email Signup | RSS Feed

HELP: Tutorials | FAQ
CONTACT US: Contact info

Search Results

Journal Article

Citation

Majolo B. Evol. Anthropol. Issues News Rev. 2019; ePub(ePub): ePub.

Affiliation

School of Psychology, University of Lincoln, Sarah Swift Building, Lincoln, UK.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, John Wiley and Sons)

DOI

10.1002/evan.21806

PMID

31691443

Abstract

The importance of warfare for human evolution is hotly debated in anthropology. Some authors hypothesize that warfare emerged at least 200,000-100,000 years BP, was frequent, and significantly shaped human social evolution. Other authors claim that warfare is a recent phenomenon, linked to the emergence of agriculture, and mostly explained by cultural rather than evolutionary forces. Here I highlight and critically evaluate six controversial points on the evolutionary bases of warfare. I argue that cultural and evolutionary explanations on the emergence of warfare are not alternative but analyze biological diversity at two distinct levels. An evolved propensity to act aggressively toward outgroup individuals may emerge irrespective of whether warfare appeared early/late during human evolution. Finally, I argue that lethal violence and aggression toward outgroup individuals are two linked but distinct phenomena, and that war and peace are complementary and should not always be treated as two mutually exclusive behavioral responses.

© 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Language: en

Keywords

aggression; competition; conflict; cooperation; peace; social evolution; violence; war

NEW SEARCH


All SafetyLit records are available for automatic download to Zotero & Mendeley
Print