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Journal Article


Zhang B, Jia Y, Wang C, Shao X, Wang W. Neurophysiol. Clin. 2019; ePub(ePub): ePub.


Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychiatry, School of Public Health, Zhejiang University College of Medicine, Hangzhou, China. Electronic address:


(Copyright © 2019, Elsevier Publishing)






OBJECTIVES: Mutual influences of cognitive and emotional functions occur in bipolar disorder, but specific alterations in relation to external emotional stimuli in bipolar I (BD I) and II (BD II) subtypes remain unknown. This study aimed to explore the effects of external emotional stimuli on cerebral attentional function in BD I and BD II.

METHODS: We tested visual oddball event-related potentials (ERPs) during various external emotional stimuli (Disgust, Fear, Erotica, Happiness, Neutral and Sadness) in 31 patients with BD I, 19 BD II and 47 healthy volunteers. Participants' concurrent affective states were also evaluated.

RESULTS: The ERP N2 latencies during Fear and Happiness were prolonged, P3 amplitudes during Disgust and Erotica were decreased in BD I; P3 amplitudes during Disgust, Erotica, Happiness and Neutral conditions were decreased in BD II. Increased frontal and parietal and decreased temporal and occipital activations were found in BD I, while increased occipital and parietal and decreased frontal and limbic activations in BD II in relation to different external emotions. ERP components were not correlated with concurrent affective states in patients.

CONCLUSIONS: Automatic attention during Happiness and Fear, and voluntary attention during Disgust and Erotica conditions were impaired in BD I; and voluntary attention during Disgust, Happiness, Erotica and Neutral conditions was impaired in BD II. Our study illustrates different patterns of visual attentional deficits associated with different external emotional stimuli in BD I and BD II.

Copyright © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.. All rights reserved.

Language: en


Affective states; Bipolar I disorder; Bipolar II disorder; Event-related potentials; External emotions


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