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Journal Article

Citation

Kvist T, Dahllöf G, Svedin CG, Annerbäck EM. Acta Paediatr. 2020; ePub(ePub): ePub.

Affiliation

Centre for Clinical Research, Region Sörmland, Uppsala University, Sweden.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2020, John Wiley and Sons)

DOI

10.1111/apa.15215

PMID

32031703

Abstract

AIM: To study trends in prevalence and risk factors of child physical abuse over 10 years in Sweden.

METHODS: This study analysed responses from school surveys in 2008, 2011, 2014 and, 2017 in Södermanland County, Sweden with average 5,125 respondents per year, 15 and 17 years old. There were identical questions on exposure to violence and risk factors including parental employment, separated parents, disability or disease, foreign background and lack of adult support. Intimate partner violence was included at three occasions. Data were analysed with bi- and multivariate models, and mean of accumulated risks were compared.

RESULTS: Child physical abuse decreased significantly between 2008 and 2017. Repeated abuse decreased to a less degree than abuse once. In bivariate analyses the share of risk factors declined for those exposed to physical abuse. In multiple analyses it was found significant associations with exposure. There was and a dose-relationship between numbers of accumulated risk categories and self-reported abuse.

CONCLUSION: Exposure to child physical abuse decreased substantially between 2008 and 2017. However, prevalence of abuse is still unacceptable, and the finding that prevalence of the more severe forms of CPA decreased less during the same time, draws attention to the need of ongoing efforts.

This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.


Language: en

Keywords

Child abuse; Intimate partner violence; Prevalence; Risk factors; Trends

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