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Journal Article

Citation

Hogberg U, Fellman V, Thiblin I, Karlsson R, Wester K. Acta Paediatr. 2020; ePub(ePub): ePub.

Affiliation

Department of Clinical Medicine K1, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2020, John Wiley and Sons)

DOI

10.1111/apa.15217

PMID

32034798

Abstract

AIM: Specific birthrelated fractures have been studied; underestimates might be a problem. We aimed to assess all fractures diagnosed as birthrelated as well as other neonatal fractures.

METHODS: A population-based study on all infants born in Sweden 1997-2014; data was retrieved from the Swedish Health Registers (10th version of International Classification of Diseases. Outcome measures were birthrelated fractures (ICD-10 P-codes) and other neonatal fractures (ICD-10 S-codes).

RESULTS: The overall fracture incidence was 2.9 per 1,000 live birth (N=5,336); 92.6% had P-codes and 7.4% (S-codes). Some birthrelated fractures were diagnosed beyond the neonatal period. Other neonatal fractures could have been birthrelated. Clavicle fracture, (88.8%) was associated with adverse maternal- and infant anthropometrics and birth complications. The few neonates with rib fractures all had concomitant clavicle fracture. For skull fractures, a minor part was birthrelated, most were associated with accidents. Half of the long bone fractures were associated with accidents. Birthrelated femur fractures were associated with bone fragility risk factors. Five infants with abuse diagnoses had fractures: skull (4), long bone (2), and rib (1).

CONCLUSION: Birthrelated and other neonatal fractures are rarely diagnosed. Difficult birth is the main contributor to birthrelated fracture, and accidents to other neonatal fractures.

This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.


Language: en

Keywords

Abuse; Accidents; Birth Injuries; Fractures; Newborn Infants

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