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Journal Article


Gangos CJ, Nega C, Apergi FS. J. Child Sex. Abus. 2019; 28(2): 222-239.


Department of Psychology , The American College of Greece-Deree , Athens , Greece.


(Copyright © 2019, Informa - Taylor and Francis Group)






The purpose of the present study was to culturally adapt and validate the Children's Knowledge of Abuse Questionnaire-RIII (CKAQ-RIII), a tool that examines children's understanding of sexual abuse concepts, for use in Greek elementary schools. A sample of 467 Greek school children between the ages of 6-9 was recruited from a private school. The CKAQ-RIII was administrated three times, before and immediately after a Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) prevention intervention program, as well as during a one-year follow-up evaluation. A subsample of the original population (N = 113) completed the one year follow up administration of CKAQ-RIII, along with the Body Awareness (BA) and the Emotional Differentiation (ED) subscales of the Emotion Awareness Questionnaire (EAQ). Internal consistency was high for the inappropriate touch scale (ITS) of the CKAQ-RIII and moderate for the appropriate touch subscale (ATS). Inter-item analysis showed that the majority of items were in an acceptable range. Pearson correlation coefficients analyses revealed strong associations between the two subscales of ITS and ATS, and the overall scores of the questionnaire. A mixed-subjects analysis of variance on the ITS showed an increase in knowledge post intervention, with third graders (8-9 year olds) generally scoring higher at baseline and demonstrating greater knowledge gains post intervention. A mixed-subjects analysis of variance was also conducted for the ATS where no significant increase in knowledge was found. Furthermore, analysis revealed a good concurrent criterion validity with good levels of agreement between CKAQ-RIII and ED, whereas no relationship was established between CKAQ-RIII and BA.

Language: en


Child sexual abuse; Children’s Knowledge of Abuse RIII; Greece; cross-cultural validation; emotion awareness questionnaire; psychometrics


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