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Journal Article


Bazina AM, Poklepovic Pericic T, Galic I, Mihanović F, Kovacevic N, Galic T. Dent. Traumatol. 2020; ePub(ePub): ePub.


Department of Research in Biomedicine and Health, University of Split, School of Medicine, Split, Croatia.


(Copyright © 2020, John Wiley and Sons)






BACKGROUND/AIMS: With the growing popularity of water polo across the world, there has been rising awareness of the risks for orofacial injures in water polo. The aim of this study was to evaluate knowledge and attitudes of water polo coaches regarding dental trauma, dental emergency procedures and awareness about prevention of such injuries.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A specific questionnaire comprising 25 questions regarding knowledge, experiences and behaviors following dental trauma was distributed to 62 water polo coaches during the license renewal seminar held by the Croatian Water Polo Federation, in February 2018 in Split, Croatia. Chi-square with Yates correction when necessary, and Fisher's exact tests were used in statistical analysis, and the results were considered statistically significant when P < 0.05.

RESULTS: There were 51 water polo coaches who participated in this study. Their ages ranged from 19 to 60 years. Most of the coaches (90.2%) have seen a dental injury in their players during their coaching careers. Concerning the procedure with handling an avulsed tooth, there were 68.6% coaches who would maintain the avulsed tooth in a handkerchief or gauze along with four coaches (7.8%) who would rinse the avulsed tooth under water and wrap it in a handkerchief or gauze afterwards. Only one participant (2%) would maintain the avulsed tooth in saline solution before its replantation. None of the coaches would use milk for maintaining the avulsed tooth. Only seven coaches (13.7%) have previously had education about sports-related dental injuries, dental emergency procedures and prevention of such injuries.

CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study demonstrated poor level of knowledge of water polo coaches about dental injuries and dental emergency procedures. Their knowledge and attitudes could be improved by educational programs on dental injuries and dental emergency procedures, as well as sports-related dental injuries management.

This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Language: en


contact sports; dental trauma; emergency procedures; tooth avulsion; water polo


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