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Journal Article


Sun Y, Xiao R, Ren L, Yang Y. Inj. Med. 2020; 9(1): 34-39.

Vernacular Title



(Copyright © 2020, Gao deng jiao yu chu ban she, Zhonghua yu fang yi xue hui shang hai yu fang yu kong zhi fen hui, Publisher Gao deng jiao yu chu ban she)






SafetyLit note (June 2020): This publication uses the ISTIC as its DOI registry. Thus, in some nations, this DOI may not forward to the publisher website for obtaining full text.

Objective To understand the epidemic characteristics and trends of suicide death among residents in Yixing City from 2012 to 2018, and to provide a basis for effective intervention measures.

Methods Collect the suicide death data of residents in Yixing from 2012 to 2018 for epidemiological analysis, use χ2 test to analyze the different demographic composition of suicide-related factors, calculate the standardized mortality by direct method, and use the dynamic indicators and annual changes of suicide mortality The percentage (annual percentchange, APC) analyzes the trend of mortality.

Results From 2012 to 2018, the total suicide mortality rate of residents in Yixing City was 3.27/100,000, the standardized mortality rate was 2.65/100,000, the standardized mortality ratio of males and females was 1.20:1, males were higher than females. Increased with increasing age, the highest among the elderly; the difference in the proportion of men and women with different marital status is statistically significant ( χ 2 = 10.84, P <0.05), the ratio of unmarried male suicide deaths is higher than that of unmarried females, widowed women The ratio is higher than that of widowed males; suicide is the most common way of suicide, followed by pesticides and jumping from buildings. The suicides of men and women are different, the difference is statistically significant ( χ 2 = 13.74, P <0.05), men hang more than women There are many jumping towers; the lower the education level of suicides, the higher the proportion of suicide deaths; farmers are the most common occupations in suicides; the suicides of residents in our city have high springs and low winters. The suicide mortality rate of residents in Yixing city showed an upward trend from 2012 to 2014, and it decreased after reaching a peak of 5.18/100,000 in 2014, and then showed an upward trend again from 2015 to 2018, with an annual change percentage (APC) of 23.00% ( P <0.05).

Conclusion The suicide mortality rate of residents in Yixing generally fluctuates and needs to be given sufficient attention, and targeted interventions should be taken against key populations.

1.宜兴市疾病预防控制中心,宜兴 214206
2.皖南医学院,芜湖 241002

摘要:目的 了解2012--2018年宜兴市居民自杀死亡流行特征及其趋势,为采取有效的干预措施提供依据。方法 收集2012--2018年宜兴市居民自杀死亡资料进行流行病学分析,用χ2检验分析与自杀有关因素的不同人口构成情况,直接法计算标化死亡率,用自杀死亡率的动态指标和年度变化百分比(annual percentchange,APC)分析死亡率的变化趋势。结果 2012--2018年宜兴市居民自杀总死亡率为3.27/10万,标化死亡率为2.65/10万,男、女标化死亡率比为1.20∶1,男性高于女性;自杀死亡率随着年龄增加而增加,老年人最高;男女不同婚姻状况所占的比例差异具有统计学意义(χ2=10.84,P<0.05),未婚男性自杀死亡构成比高于未婚女性,丧偶女性自杀死亡构成比高于丧偶男性;自杀最常见的方式是悬吊,其次是农药和跳楼,男女自杀方式不同,差异具有统计学意义(χ2=13.74,P<0.05),男性悬吊较多,而女性跳楼较多;自杀死亡者中,文化程度越低,自杀死亡构成比越高;农民是自杀中最常见的职业;我市居民自杀存在春高冬低现象。2012--2014年宜兴市居民的自杀死亡率呈上升趋势,到达高峰即 2014年的5.18/10万后有所下降,随后2015--2018年再次呈逐年上升趋势,年度变化百分比(APC)为23.00%(P<0.05)。结论 宜兴市居民自杀死亡率总体呈波动上升趋势,需引起足够的重视,应对重点人群采取针对性的干预措施。

Language: zh


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