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Journal Article

Citation

Lee MS, Kim HS, Park EJ, Bhang SY. J. Korean Med. Sci. 2020; 35(29): e240.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2020, Korean Academy of Medical Science)

DOI

10.3346/jkms.2020.35.e240

PMID

32715670

Abstract

BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the feasibility of trauma-focused group therapy in adolescents exposed to traumatic events in Korea.

METHODS: We recruited 22 adolescents (mean age, 16 years; standard deviation, 1.43; range, 13-18 years). Children in Disaster: Evaluation and Recovery (CIDER) V1.0 is a trauma-focused group therapy comprising eight 50-minute-long sessions. The effectiveness of the intervention was evaluated using the Korean version of the Children's Response to Traumatic Events Scale-Revised (K-CRTES-R), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the State Anxiety Inventory for Children (SAIC), and the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL). The data were analyzed by the Wilcoxon signed-rank test.

RESULTS: A significant improvement was revealed in trauma-related symptom scores (Z = -2.85, P < 0.01), depressive symptom scores (Z = -2.35, P < 0.05) and quality of life scores (Z = -3.08, P < 0.01). Additionally, a marginally significant improvement was found in anxiety symptom scores (Z = -1.90, P = 0.058).

CONCLUSION: CIDER is a potentially effective intervention for adolescents exposed to traumatic events. Larger controlled trials are needed.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Research Information Service Identifier: KCT0004681.


Language: en

Keywords

Adolescent; Trauma; CIDER; Posttraumatic Stress Disorder; Trauma-focused Group Psychotherapy

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