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Journal Article

Citation

Kim HY, Lee HJ, Kim TL, Kim EY, Ham D, Lee J, Kim T, Shin JW, Son M, Sung JH, Han ZA. Ann. Rehabil. Med. 2020; 44(6): 438-449.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2020, Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine)

DOI

10.5535/arm.20081

PMID

unavailable

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence and characteristics of neuropathic pain (NP) in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) and to investigate associations between NP and demographic or disease-related variables.

METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients with SCI whose pain was classified according to the International Spinal Cord Injury Pain classifications at a single hospital. Multiple statistical analyses were employed. Patients aged <19 years, and patients with other neurological disorders and congenital conditions were excluded.

RESULTS: Of 366 patients, 253 patients (69.1%) with SCI had NP. Patients who were married or had traumatic injury or depressive mood had a higher prevalence rate. When other variables were controlled, marital status and depressive mood were found to be predictors of NP. There was no association between the prevalence of NP and other demographic or clinical variables. The mean Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) of NP was 4.52, and patients mainly described pain as tingling, squeezing, and painful cold. Females and those with below-level NP reported more intense pain. An NRS cut-off value of 4.5 was determined as the most appropriate value to discriminate between patients taking pain medication and those who did not.

CONCLUSION: In total, 69.1% of patients with SCI complained of NP, indicating that NP was a major complication. Treatment planning for patients with SCI and NP should consider that marital status, mood, sex, and pain subtype may affect NP, which should be actively managed in patients with an NRS ≥4.5.


Language: en

Keywords

Neuralgia; Pain; Spinal cord injuries

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