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Journal Article


Moustaki M, Petridou E, Trichopoulos D. Acta Paediatr. 2001; 90(5): 558-562.


Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Athens University Medical School, Goudi, Greece.


(Copyright © 2001, John Wiley and Sons)






The aim of this study was to investigate whether socioeconomic status of town of residence is associated with risk for childhood pedestrian injuries. The study population consisted of all pedestrian victims, aged 0-14 y, who lived in towns of Greater Athens and who presented to the Emergency Department of a major Children's Hospital during the period 1996-98. The towns were divided into three categories by socioeconomic status according to the proportion of (a) adult household heads with a higher education degree and (b) households with less than one person per room. The rate of pedestrian injuries was estimated by socioeconomic status of the residential town and by place of accident (inside or outside the respective town). The pedestrian injury rate ranged from 5.5 to 12 injured children among a 10000 childhood population per year, with an almost twofold excess among children residing in the less wealthy towns compared with the wealthier ones. The social gradient was steeper for injuries occurring outside the residential town. The population fractions of pedestrian injury rates attributable to educational level and household crowding differentials, regardless of the place of accident, were 39% and 25%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: There is a considerable social gradient for childhood injuries irrespective of place of accident, a finding that could be partly attributable to lower socioeconomic background rather than to adverse environmental factors prevailing in less wealthy towns. Our findings indicate that there is a need for preventive programmes targeting people as well as places of low socioeconomic status.

Language: en


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