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Journal Article


Mwita M, Kasongi D, Bernard E, Gunda D, Mmbaga B. Pan. Afr. Med. J. 2021; 38: 258.


(Copyright © 2021, African Field Epidemiology Network)






INTRODUCTION: there is an increased vulnerability for the development of common mental disorders during the peripartum period as evidenced in depressive disorder.

METHODS: a cross sectional study was used to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with depression among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic (ANC) at Bugando Medical Centre (BMC), a tertiary level hospital in Mwanza Tanzania. A total of 380 pregnant women were recruited and interviewed by using Edinburg Postnatal Depression Scale. The sample size was randomly selected from the clinic.

RESULTS: the mean age of the participants was 30.35 years, with minimum and maximum age of 20 years and 47 years respectively with 89.74% of the participants being married. Almost half of the participants, 53.68% were on the third trimester, with about two-third of the participants, 76.84% reports to have planned for their current pregnancies. The overall prevalence of depression was 15% with middle age of the partner (31-40 years), been married, high level of education, partner and family support were found to be statistically protective for depression while polygamy and partner violence were statistically risk factor for depression.

CONCLUSION: the results showed high prevalence of antepartum depression which emphasizes the importance of earlier screening, detection and intervention to reduce the burden of morbidity and disability.

Language: en


Pregnancy; mental health; women; depression; Tanzania; antenatal


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