SAFETYLIT WEEKLY UPDATE

We compile citations and summaries of about 400 new articles every week.
Email Signup | RSS Feed

HELP: Tutorials | FAQ
CONTACT US: Contact info

Search Results

Journal Article

Citation

Ryb GE, Soderstrom CA, Kufera JA, Dischinger PC, Ho SM. J. Trauma 1999; 47(5): 874-9; discussion 879-80.

Affiliation

R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore 21201, USA.

Copyright

(Copyright © 1999, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins)

DOI

unavailable

PMID

10568715

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of laboratory markers of severe alcoholism in a cross-sectional population of male trauma center patients, who have a high rate of current alcohol dependence (CAD). METHODS: A total of 684 men were assessed for CAD by using standard criteria, all of whom had complete laboratory data. The ability of tests to predict CAD was ascertained by using Student's t test, sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic curves. RESULTS: Mean values of five tests were individually associated with a CAD diagnosis. Gamma-glutamyltransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and mean corpuscular volume had sensitivities less than or equal to 0.51 and AUC less than or equal to 0.67. Blood alcohol concentration (BAC) and serum osmolality had sensitivities of 0.64 and 0.74 and AUC of 0.74 and 0.76, respectively. Each marker, when combined with BAC, showed little improvement in AUC over BAC alone. CONCLUSIONS: Laboratory tests are not highly predictive of CAD in male trauma patients. A combination of BAC tests and interview screens is suggested for use in this patient population.

NEW SEARCH


All SafetyLit records are available for automatic download to Zotero & Mendeley
Print