We compile citations and summaries of about 400 new articles every week.
Email Signup | RSS Feed

HELP: Tutorials | FAQ
CONTACT US: Contact info

Search Results

Journal Article


Fitzharris M, Franklyn M, Frampton R, Yang KH, Morris AP, Fildes BN. J. Trauma 2004; 57(3): 582-590.


Accident Research Centre, Monash University (M.F., M.F., B.F.), Melbourne, Australia, Vehicle Safety Research Centre, Loughborough University (R.F., A.M.), Leicestershire, United Kingdom, and Department of Biomedical Engineering, Wayne State University (K


(Copyright © 2004, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins)






BACKGROUND: Using in-depth, real-world motor vehicle crash data from the United States and the United Kingdom, we aimed to assess the incidence and risk factors associated with thoracic aorta injuries. METHODS: De-identified National Automotive Sampling System Crashworthiness Data System (U.S.) and Co-operative Crash Injury Study (U.K.) data formed the basis of this retrospective analysis. Logistic regression was used to assess the level of risk of thoracic aorta injury associated with impact direction, seat belt use and, given the asymmetry of the thoracic cavity, whether being struck toward the left side of the body was associated with increased risk in side-impact crashes. RESULTS: A total of 13,436 U.S. and 3,756 U.K. drivers and front seat passengers were analyzed. The incidence of thoracic aorta injury in the U.S. and U.K. samples was 1.5% (n = 197) and 1.9% (n = 70), respectively. The risk was higher for occupants seated on the side closest to the impact than for occupants involved in frontal impact crashes. This was the case irrespective of whether the force was applied toward the left (belted: relative risk [RR], 4.6; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.9-7.1; p < 0.001) or the right side (belted: RR, 2.6; 95% CI, 1.4-5.1; p < 0.004) of the occupant's body. For occupants involved in side-impact crashes, there was no difference in the risk of thoracic aorta injury whether the impacting force was applied toward the left or toward the right side of the occupant's body. Seat belt use provided a protective benefit such that the risk of thoracic aorta injury among unbelted occupants was three times higher than among belted occupants (RR, 3.0; 95% CI, 2.2-4.3; p < 0.001); however, the benefit varied across impact direction. Thoracic aorta injuries were found to be associated with high impact severity, and being struck by a sports utility vehicle relative to a passenger vehicle (RR, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.2-2.3; p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Aortic injuries have been conventionally associated with frontal impacts. However, emergency clinicians should be aware that occupants of side-impact crashes are at greater risk, particularly if the occupant was unbelted and involved in a crash of high impact severity.


All SafetyLit records are available for automatic download to Zotero & Mendeley