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Journal Article

Citation

Weber JE, Maio RF, Blow FC, Hill EM, Barry KL, Waller PF. Alcohol Alcohol. 2002; 37(5): 468-471.

Affiliation

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, USA.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2002, Oxford University Press)

DOI

unavailable

PMID

12217940

Abstract

AIMS: To identify the frequency of current or lifetime history of alcohol and/or other drug (AOD) use among the full range (admitted and discharged) of injured bicyclists and pedestrians involved in motor vehicle crashes. METHODS: In a prospective study of non-occupant motor vehicle crash (NOMVC) victims >or=18 years over a 29-month period, blood was obtained for alcohol and drug testing. Current alcohol abuse/alcohol dependence (AA/AD) or drug abuse/drug dependence (DA/DD) was based on the Diagnostic Interview Survey. RESULTS: In all, there were 108 NOMVC victims. Eleven per cent were alcohol (+), 7% drug (+), and 3% both. Sixteen per cent were AA/AD (+), 2.7% DA/DD (+), and 1.4% both. CONCLUSIONS: A substantial portion of patients with NOMVC injuries tested AOD (+) and had a current or lifetime substance abuse (AA/AD; DA/DD) diagnosis.

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