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Journal Article

Citation

Kelly AB, Masterman PW. Alcohol Alcohol. 2008; 43(5): 551-558.

Affiliation

School of Social Science, The University of Queensland, Australia.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2008, Oxford University Press)

DOI

10.1093/alcalc/agm174

PMID

18469304

Abstract

Heavy alcohol use is common in undergraduates and is associated with health-risk behaviors, negative consequences, and increased risk for future alcohol dependence. Alcohol-related memory associations (AMAs) and mood changes are independently related to student drinking, but more research on how these variables interact is needed. AIMS: To examine (i) how AMAs predict drinking behavior after accounting for depression, and (ii) how changes in negative and positive mood predict AMAs among low- and high-risk drinkers. METHODS: Positive and negative moods were manipulated using a musical mood induction procedure immediately prior to completion of memory association measures. A bootstrapped structural equation model was tested, permitting a sampling distribution free of the requirement of normality. RESULTS: Negative mood changes predicted AMAs in high-risk drinkers but not in low-risk drinkers, and the opposite was found for positive mood changes. CONCLUSION: The negative mood-AMA association appeared related to risky drinking, and these subtle implicit cognitive processes may warrant a special focus in intervention programs for high-risk drinkers.


Language: en

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