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Journal Article

Citation

Fittkau KH, Graser P. Arch. Kriminol. 2008; 222(1-2): 31-37.

Vernacular Title

Eine Typologie von Totungsdelikten, begangen durch Jugendgruppen.

Affiliation

Fachhochschule der Polizei des Landes Brandenburg, Oranienburg.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2008, Verlag Schmidt-Romhild)

DOI

unavailable

PMID

18780719

Abstract

Based on a complete survey of homicides committed by young people between the age of 14 and 21 (juvenile and adolescent offenders) in the German state of Brandenburg during a period of 10 years, two typologies are presented to describe homicidal acts. The first typology is based on motivation and identifies the basic social attitude of the offender manifested in the concrete offence, whereas the typology based on group context deals with the social conditions influencing the offender in his actions in the youth group. Both are supported by comprehensive data regarding the personal and social circumstances of the offenders and offences. In the typology based on motivation, our study distinguishes between homicide committed out of conviction, homicide due to the social background and homicide for egoistic reasons in order to satisfy a sudden urge in an overpowering situation. In the typology based on group context, a distinction is made between solo and group offences with the latter being subdivided into emotional/non-emotional and planned/ unplanned acts. By typologizing offences according to motivation, perpetrators can be categorized according to their affiliation with a certain milieu and their emotional and ideological disposition. Contrary to conventional criminological studies, the typology according to group context suggests a high percentage of group-based violent crime, which has so far been described on the margin only.


Language: de

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