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Journal Article


Farokh eslam lou HR, Boushehri B. Urmia Med. J. 2007; 18(3): 554-567.


Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Nazlou Road, Urmia, Iran.


(Copyright © 2007, Urmia University of Medical Sciences)






Background and Aims: Violence against women is any act of gender-based violence that results or is likely to result, in physical, sexual, or psychological harms or suffering to women, whether occurring in public or private life. Our study was designed to a) identify demographic and socioeconomic risk factors associated with physical domestic violence among women attending the legal medicine center, and b) offer strategies for decreasing its incidences and outcomes. Materials and Methods: This case-control study recruited participants from Urmia City Legal Medicine Center. Socio-demographic characteristics were analyzed for physically abused cases (n = 133) and controls (n = 133, women referred to legal medicine center without physical abuse history). Multivariate logistic regression models were used to examine associations between physical violence against women and the factors of interest. Results: Significant risk factors for physical violence against women resulted to administer justice includeing women's higher literacy (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 3.54, P=.000), husbands higher literacy (AOR 2.56, P=.000), women's occupying (AOR 2.70, P=.000), husbands unemployment (AOR 3.70, P=.010), husbands membership of staff (AOR 5.37, P=.000), first years of married life (AOR 2.17, P=.010), and engagement times (AOR 4.65, P=.010). Conclusion: This study demonstrates some previously dentified domestic violence risk factors, but there were strong evidences of socioeconomic factors variability in violence against women. Significant associations between physical violence against women showed that justice and women's higher literacy and women's occupying is probably due to acquaintance of educated victims with their legal and human rights.

[[The Iranian Calendar year 1384 corresponds roughly within Gregorian Calendar years 2005-2006.]]

Language: fa


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