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American Football

:: American football (also known as just football in the United States and gridiron in some other countries) is a sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field 120 yards (109.73 m) long by 53.33 yards (48.76 m) wide with goalposts at each end. The offense attempts to advance a ball down the field by running with or passing it. The game is a full-contact sport and minor injuries to players are frequent. Severe injuries often occur because one of the purposes of the game is to injure opponent players to keep them from continuing in the game. The most common types of injuries are strains, sprains, bruises, fractures, dislocations, and concussions. Protective helmets and pads are worn by the players.

Association Football

:: See Soccer

Australian Rules Football

:: Australian rules football (sometimes Australian football) is a sport played between two teams of eighteen players on the field of either an Australian football ground, a modified cricket field, or a similarly sized sports venue. The main way to score points is by kicking the ball between the two tall goal posts. Australian football is a contact sport in which players can tackle using their hands or use their whole body to obstruct opponents. Dangerous physical contact (such as pushing an opponent in the back), interference when marking and deliberately slowing the play are discouraged with free kicks, distance penalties or suspension for a certain number of matches, depending on the seriousness of the infringement. Frequent physical contests, spectacular marking, fast movement of both players and the ball and high scoring are the game's main attributes. Helmets and pads are not used by players.

Canadian Football

:: Canadian football is a form of gridiron football played in Canada in which two teams of 12 players each compete for territorial control of a field of play 110 yards (101 m) long and 65 yards (59 m) wide attempting to advance a pointed prolate spheroid ball into the opposing team's scoring area (end zone). In Canada, the term football may refer to Canadian football and American football collectively, or either sport specifically, depending on context. The two sports have shared origins and are closely related. A helmet and pads are worn by the players. Player injury patterns are similar to that of American Football.

Flag Football

:: Flag football is a version of American football or Canadian football where the basic rules of the game are similar to those of the mainstream game (often called "tackle football" for contrast) but with modifications to reflect the more recreational nature of the game, desire to avoid physical contact and injury, and the generally smaller number of participating players per side. Instead of tackling players to the ground, the defensive team must remove a flag or handkerchief tucked into or attached with Velcro from the ball carrier's belt ("deflagging") to end a down. Chiefly because there is no dominant sanctioning organization for the sport, the game has mutated into many variations: 9-man, 8-man, 7-man, 6-man, 5-man, and 4-man on a side; coed or single-gender; with kicking and punting and without; with physical blocking or without. Helmets and pads are not worn by the players. Touch Football is a game similar to Flag Football but without the flag-in-hand indicator to verify the end of a down.(Adapted from Wikipedia)

Futsal

:: Futsal is a variety of association football that is played on a smaller field and mainly played indoors. Its name comes from the Portuguese futebol de sal√£o, which can be translated as hall (room) football. It was developed in Brazil and Uruguay in the 1930s and 1940s. There are five players on each team, one of whom is the goalkeeper. The maximum number of substitutes allowed is nine (FIFA change 2012), with unlimited substitutions during the match. Substitutes can come on even when the ball is in play but the player coming off must leave the pitch before the substitute can enter the playing field. If a team has fewer than three players in the team, the match is abandoned and counted as a loss for the team with the lack of players. The kit is made up of a jersey or shirt with sleeves, shorts, socks, shinguards made out of rubber or plastic, and shoes with rubber soles. The goalkeeper is allowed to wear long trousers and a different coloured kit, to distinguish himself from the other players in the team and the referee. He is also allowed to wear elbow pads because the surface is about as hard as a tennis court or basketball court. Jewellery is not allowed, nor are other items that could be dangerous to the player wearing the item or to other active participants.

Gaelic Football

:: Gaelic football (Irish: Peil Ghaelachor Caid), commonly referred to as football or Gaelic, is an Irish team sport. It is a form of football derived from traditional Irish ball games. It is played between two teams of 15 players on a rectangular grass pitch. The level of tackling allowed is more robust than in association football, but less than rugby. Helmets and pads are not worn.

Rugby

:: Rugby football is a style of football that developed at Rugby School and was one of several versions of football played at English public schools during the 19th century. The two main types of rugby are rugby league and rugby union. Although these two forms share the same objective of getting the ball over the line to score a try, the specific rules are different. In both of the two rugby types, the game is an aggressive, full contact sport. Hard helmets and pads are not worn by the players. A soft "scrum cap" is often worn primarily as protection against ear impacts to prevent "cauliflower ear".

Soccer

:: Soccer, more commonly known as football or Association football is a sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by getting the ball into the opposing goal. Rules of the game prohibit most player contact. Helmets and pads are not worn.

Tag Football

:: See Touch Football

Touch Football

:: Touch football (Also known as Tag football) is a variant of American football in which the basic rules are similar to those of the mainstream game (called "tackle football" for contrast), but instead of tackling players to the ground, the person carrying the ball need only be touched by a member of the opposite team to end a down. The game is usually played by amateurs on a recreational basis. Major variants of touch football include one-hand or two-hand touch, each of which dictates the number of hands a defensive player must touch the ball carrier with in order to end a down. Touch Football is a game similar to Flag Football but without the flag-in-hand indicator to verify the end of a down.(Adapted from Wikipedia)


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