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Journal Article


Keltikangas-J‰rvinen L, Pakaslahti L. Aggressive Behav. 1999; 25(4): 269-279.


(Copyright © 1999, International Society for Research on Aggression, Publisher John Wiley and Sons)






The aim of this study was to predict a stability of aggressive behavior on the basis of social problem-solving strategies. Subjects were a total of 120 children, but complete follow-up data were available only in 47 cases. Their aggressive behaviors were peer rated, and problem-solving strategies were assessed in childhood subjects being 10 years on average, and 7 years later. Association between a development of social strategies and changes in aggressive behavior was studied with personality-oriented pattern analyses. The main finding was that a development of strategies predicted a stability or changes of aggressive behavior very well. Aggressive strategies, both in childhood and in adolescence, as well as a lack of constructive alternatives characterized permanently aggressive subjects. Turning from nonaggressive to aggressive behavior was also explained by aggressive problem-solving strategies, while a positive development, i.e., turning from childhood aggressive to adolescent nonaggressive behavior, was possible only if a person had never used aggressive strategies. Agreement between behavior and strategies was higher among girls. The findings supported a claim that intervention of aggressive behavior may be possible by modifying social strategies. (Abstract Adapted from Source: Aggressive Behavior, 1999. Copyright © 1999 by Wiley-Liss, Inc.)

Child Aggression
Child Development
Problem Solving Skills
Late Childhood
Late Adolescence
Juvenile Aggression
Juvenile Development
Follow-Up Studies
Youth Development


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