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Journal Article

Citation

Montroy JJ, Bowles RP, Skibbe LE, McClelland MM, Morrison FJ. Dev. Psychol. 2016; 52(11): 1744-1762.

Affiliation

Department of Psychology, University of Michigan.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2016, American Psychological Association)

DOI

10.1037/dev0000159

PMID

27709999

Abstract

The development of early childhood self-regulation is often considered an early life marker for later life successes. Yet little longitudinal research has evaluated whether there are different trajectories of self-regulation development across children. This study investigates the development of behavioral self-regulation between the ages of 3 and 7 years, with a direct focus on possible heterogeneity in the developmental trajectories, and a set of potential indicators that distinguish unique behavioral self-regulation trajectories. Across 3 diverse samples, 1,386 children were assessed on behavioral self-regulation from preschool through first grade.

RESULTS indicated that majority of children develop self-regulation rapidly during early childhood, and that children follow 3 distinct developmental patterns of growth. These 3 trajectories were distinguishable based on timing of rapid gains, as well as child gender, early language skills, and maternal education levels.

FINDINGS highlight early developmental differences in how self-regulation unfolds, with implications for offering individualized support across children. (PsycINFO Database Record

(c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).


Language: en

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